Language policy[ edit ] After Morocco gained independence with the end of the French Protectorate init started a process of Arabizationwith the aim of transforming the nation into a monolingual one, with political and economic independence and an Arab-Islamic identity. In the yearafter years of neglecting and ignoring the other languages present in Morocco, the Charter for Educational Reform recognized them and the necessity for them. In recent years, the Tamazight culture has been gaining strength and some developments promise that these languages will not die Tamazight is the generic name for the Berber languages. The term Berber is not used nor known by the speakers of these languages.
I want you to get out and make it work Although this book started out as an individual project, in the end a great many people, most of whom prefer to remain anonymous, helped make it possible through proofreading, fact-checking, recommending sources, editing, and more. To acknowledge only a small part of this help, the author would like to thank John, Jose, Vila Kula, aaaa!
Thanks to Jessie Dodson and Katie Clark for helping with the research on another project, that I ended up using for this book. Also thanks to C and E, for lending their passwords for free access to the databases of scholarly articles available to university students but not to the rest of us.
It would be anarchy. Introduction Anarchy Would Never Work Anarchism is the boldest of revolutionary social movements to emerge from the struggle against capitalism — it aims for a world free from all forms of domination and exploitation. But at its heart is a simple and convincing proposition: Others cynically claim that people do not know what is in their best interests, that they need a government to protect them, that the ascension of some political party could somehow secure the interests of all members of society.
Anarchists counter that decision-making should not be centralized in the hands of any government, but instead power should be decentralized: The education we receive in state-run schools teaches us to doubt our ability to organize ourselves. This leads many to conclude anarchy is impractical and utopian: On the contrary, anarchist practice already has a long record, and has often worked quite well.
The official history books tell a selective story, glossing over the fact that all the components of an anarchist society have existed at various times, and innumerable stateless societies have thrived for millennia.
How would an anarchist society compare to statist and capitalist societies? It is apparent that hierarchical societies work well according to certain criteria.
They tend to be extremely effective at conquering their neighbors and securing vast fortunes for their rulers. On the other hand, as climate change, food and water shortages, market instability, and other global crises intensify, hierarchical models are not proving to be particularly sustainable.
The histories in this book show that an anarchist society can do much better at enabling all its members to meet their needs and desires. The many stories, past and present, that demonstrate how anarchy works have been suppressed and distorted because of the revolutionary conclusions we might draw from them.
We can live in a society with no bosses, masters, politicians, or bureaucrats; a society with no judges, no police, and no criminals, no rich or poor; a society free of sexism, homophobia, and transphobia; a society in which the wounds from centuries of enslavement, colonialism, and genocide are finally allowed to heal.
The only things stopping us are the prisons, programming, and paychecks of the powerful, as well as our own lack of faith in ourselves. Of course, anarchists do not have to be practical to a fault.
So let these stories be a starting point, and a challenge. What exactly is anarchism? Volumes have been written in answer to this question, and millions of people have dedicated their lives to creating, expanding, defining, and fighting for anarchy.
There are countless paths to anarchism and countless beginnings: There is no Central Committee giving out membership cards, and no standard doctrine.I declare that to the best of my knowledge the information I have given is a true and correct record and I give my consent to Lewisham Southwark College processing this information in accordance with the Data Protection Act St Clements University Group - About Us.
Doctorate Graduates. Doctor of the University. There are a number of languages of pfmlures.com two official languages are Modern Standard Arabic and Amazigh (Berber). Moroccan Arabic (known as Darija) is the spoken native pfmlures.com languages of prestige in Morocco are Arabic in its Classical and Modern Standard Forms and French, the latter of which serves as a second language for many Moroccans..
According to a – survey . Free Russian Lessons and Courses. Free Russian Lessons and Courses We have gathered together here a number of free Russian language lessons and language courses for those learning Russian, along with some other Russian language resources, such as Russian online courses and exercises, podcasts, video lessons, alphabets, dictionaries, lexicons, verb conjugations, language .
Free Russian Lessons and Courses. Free Russian Lessons and Courses We have gathered together here a number of free Russian language lessons and language courses for those learning Russian, along.
The official languages of Algeria are Modern Standard Arabic (literary Arabic) and Tamazight (Berber), as specified in its constitution since for the former and since for the latter.