When in George Orwell—social conservative, Little Englander, intellectual cosmopolitan—hopefully envisioned an English socialist revolution, he assured his readers and himself that such a mere political event, like all such past convulsions, would prove no more than a surface disturbance.
Staying on the subject of Dark Age myths: Historical consensus declares this a myth invented by New Atheists. The Church was a great patron of science, no one believed in a flat earth, Galileo had it coming, et cetera. Roger Bacon was a thirteenth century friar who made discoveries in mathematics, optics, and astronomy, and who was the first Westerner to research gunpowder.
It seems though records are unclear that he was accused of heresy and died under house arrest.
But this may have been because of his interest in weird prophecies, not because of his scientific researches. Michael Servetus professional essay writers legitimately a sixteenth-century anatomist who made some early discoveries about the circulatory and nervous system.
But this was because of his heretical opinions on the Trinity, and not for any of his anatomical discoveries.
City authorities arrested him for blasphemy, cut out his tongue, strangled him, and burned his body at the stake. He was arrested by the Inquisition and accused of consorting with the Devil.
He died before a verdict was reached, but the Inquisition finished the trial, found him guilty, and ordered his corpse burnt at the stake.
He was accused of consorting with the Devil because he was kind of consorting with the Devil — pretty much everyone including modern historians agree that he was super into occultism and wrote a bunch of grimoires and magical texts.
He also believed in heliocentrism, and promoted originated? He was arrested, tortured, and burned at the stake.
Scientists got in trouble for controversial views on non-scientific subjects like prophecies or the Trinity, or for political missteps.
Scott Aaronson writes about the the Kolmogorov option suggested alternate title: Mathematician Andrey Kolmogorov lived in the Soviet Union at a time when true freedom of thought was impossible. He reacted by saying whatever the Soviets wanted him to say about politics, while honorably pursuing truth in everything else.
As a result, he not only made great discoveries, but gained enough status to protect other scientists, and to make occasional very careful forays into defending people who needed defending. He used his power to build an academic bubble where science could be done right and where minorities persecuted by the communist authorities like Jews could do their work in peace.
They pursued their work in optics, astronomy, anatomy, or whatever other subject, but were smart enough never to go near questions of religion. Maybe they would give beautiful speeches on how they had seen the grandeur of the heavens, but the true grandeur belonged to God and His faithful servant the Pope who was incidentally right about everything and extremely handsome.
Maybe they would have ended up running great universities, funding other thinkers, and dying at a ripe old age. Armed with this picture, one might tell Servetus and Bruno to lay off the challenges.
But Kolmogorov represents an extreme: For the opposite extreme, consider Leonid Kantorovich. Kantorovich was another Russian mathematician.
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