Back to Top Understanding Health Communication and Health Information Technology All people have some ability to manage their health and the health of those they care for. However, with the increasing complexity of health information and health care settings, most people need additional information, skills, and supportive relationships to meet their health needs.
Despite being installed in the important??????? Later, microcomputers spread widely in the country either by direct purchase or through donor development aid. Like its predecessor, the initial use of microcomputers was characterized by inadequate literacy and patchy understanding of the technology by potential users.
A centralized approach to building information and communication technologies in Ethiopia was first proposed by donor agencies such as UNESCO and IDRC as soon as microcomputers were introduced to the county. In national computing and information center was also established. However, the intended goals were not realized by the centre due to high control by the military government of the time, inadequate resources, high turnover, shortage of skilled manpower and insufficient knowledge of information technology by decision makers.
After the change of government in the efforts were resumed with regard to promoting the awareness and growth of computers. A survey carried out in response to a study on national informatics policy in Ethiopia in covering 81 major institutions reports microcomputers, 38 mini computers and 8 mainframe computers.
By the end ofextensive growth in computers in business, academic institutions and households were seen raising the figure to an estimated 15, Information communication technology. Awareness of the effect of information technology has been growing among users in the field of research, those working for international organizations and those in business.
Public access links were introduced in and the first Internet connection was established by the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporations ETC in October with a T1 connection to the United States.
Currently there are over Internet users but the quality of service leaves much to be desired. Recent move of the government towards increasing the bandwidth to 1Mb line, privatization of energy and telecommunication sector could open further opportunities for growth in information and communication sector.
Challenges to the Growth of Information Technology in Ethiopia Full Information communication technology of the technology has been difficult due to: Lack of national guidelines and consistent information and communication policy Lack of academic institutions that act as sources of well-grounded study in information technology Non-existent computer literacy in primary and secondary education A weak education infrastructure Shortage of skilled human resources and computing infrastructure colleges and universities The School of Information Studies for Africa SISA that was to become a center of excellence in new techniques of information systems development for Africa has limited intake of students - degrees for less than fifteen African students per- due to its heavy reliance on donor funding and lack of vision.
Shortage of programmers in custom and new systems development Poor quality of internet services A restrictive information seeking culture Limited access to software and training materials Diverse local languages, scripts and dialects in Ethiopia - user friendly interface in the local languages for on-line connectivity is needed in promoting information sharing and developing a successful national network in Ethiopia The Role of International Organizations and Development Aid Agencies The international organizations and aid agencies have played a significant role in information technology diffusion in the country.
Their existence has helped create opportunities for demonstrations of key information technology, transfer of ideas, sponsoring structural development projects and a potential market segment for emerging small and medium enterprises in the field.
The number of international organizations recognizing the importance of information technology for the development of local capacity has been increasing. Potential Benefits of Information Technology in Ethiopia Efficient communications for manufacturing, service and tourism sector Fast response to natural disasters and effective rural health and family planning services Effective governance and administrative effectiveness Efficient education, research and communication of research results Access to global market and research information Employment opportunities for small and medium enterprises Effective and enhanced data and information gathering and distribution for better planning Enhanced national cohesion and integration of heterogeneous social composition or geographical dispersal Core ICT Application Areas for Development in Ethiopia To attain the benefits mentioned above, Ethiopia should define areas of outmost strategic importance that should be put in place for continued economic development.
This would include those areas that: Promote food security food chain information systems, agricultural information systems and networks, etc.
Assist in the preservation of the environment regional planning, environment monitoring, early warning information systems, etc. Encourage the tourism sector promotional and cultural information systems and Provide conditions for popular participation community centers, information systems between various regions.
Recommendations Ethiopia should develop a National Information Infrastructure NII plan that covers the above mentioned areas of strategic information systems and networks backed by efficient telecommunication networks and people that implement it.
The NII plan should encompass connectivity built on robust and low cost technologycontent mainly strategic information systemsinfrastructure human, energy, telecommunications, and social and enabling policy for private sector investment and participation.
Ethiopia should not leave ICT as sector for commercial interest or free market and privatization as such but rather regard them as part of the general public interest, participation, use and debate.
With the growing population pressures, the policy on rural economic development requires considerable investment and attention to ICT to achieve sustainable growth in the long term.
The application of information and communication technology does not just encompass technology — hardware, radios, computers, telephones and software and the content or data, but also needs organization, incentives, procedures and people The ability to participate in information and communication technologies requires participation, partnership, understanding of social implication of new technologies and management of changes at national level.
Furthermore, democratization of access to ICT to the 90 percent of rural and sub-urban disadvantaged communities is also crucial. But it requires considerable resources.
Some of the key steps for democratization of access to ICT that remain as a principle to Acacia initiative and crucial for Ethiopia include: Promoting applications and services that respond to communities' needs e. Besides meeting the general needs of the rural areas the National Information Infrastructure should take overall national strategy for development into consideration.
The NII plan should also be built on existent tools and infrastructure that underpin the current economic activity and new tools and technologies that must be put in place to sustain emerging economic activity. We understand the need of a sound IT infrastructure in our society and how important it is for the whole nation to progress.
Ever since the establishment of the first Internet Service Provider in Ethiopia in there have been great advancements in the field of Information Technology.
There is still a lot to be done and we at EITPA are committed to work with the people of Ethiopia for a better future.
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Associate Professor David Grow and his students are building a special prosthesis for Tech Communication & . Data that is (1) accurate and timely, (2) specific and organized for a purpose, (3) presented within a context that gives it meaning and relevance, and (4) can lead to an increase in understanding and decrease in uncertainty.
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