David won wide acclaim with his huge canvases on classical themes e. When the French Revolution began inhe served briefly as its artistic director and painted its leaders and martyrs The Death of Marat, in a style that is more realistic than classical.
For other uses, see Tennis Court Oath disambiguation. Serment du Jeu de Paumevowing "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established". It was a pivotal event in the French Revolution. The Estates-General had been called to address the country's fiscal and agricultural crisisbut immediately after convening in Maythey had become bogged down in issues of representation—particularly, whether they would vote by head which would increase the power of the Third Estate, as they outnumbered the other two estates hugely or by order.
Background[ edit ] Before the Revolution, French society—aside from royalty—was divided into three estates.
The First Estate comprised the clergy; the Second Estate was the nobility. The three estates met from time to time in the Estates Generala legislative assembly. The First and Second Estates preferred to divide the vote in some way.
A proposal might need to receive approval from each Estate, or there might be two "houses" of the Estates General one for the first two Estates, and one for the Thirdand a bill would need to be passed by both houses.
Either way, the First and Second Estates could exercise veto power over proposals enjoying widespread support among the Third Estate, such as reforms that threatened the privileges of the nobility and clergy.
In France at that time, the deputies' fears, even if wrong, were reasonable and the importance of the oath goes above and beyond its context. Their solidarity forced Louis XVI to order the clergy and the nobility to join with the Third Estate in the National Assembly in order to give the illusion that he controlled the National Assembly.
It was foreshadowed by, and drew considerably from, the United States Declaration of Independenceespecially the preamble.
The Oath also inspired a wide variety of revolutionary activity in the months afterwards, ranging from rioting across the French countryside to renewed calls for a written French constitution.
Likewise, it reinforced the Assembly's strength and forced the King to formally request that voting occur based on head, not power. The Tennis Court Oath (June ) preceded the abolition of feudalism (4 August ) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (26 August ).
References [ edit ] . David completed the final study for the Tennis Court Oath in May and the work was shown in the Salon of David intended to do a further painting based on .
A review of jacques louis davids artpiece the tennis court oath. The coronation of napoleon the painter jacques-louis david is depicted in the stands as well she was a court lady of josephine. While Oath of the Horatii and Oath of the Tennis Court stress the importance of masculine self-sacrifice for one's country and patriotism, the Distribution of Eagles would ask for self-sacrifice for one's Emperor (Napoleon) and the importance of battlefield glory.
About This Quiz & Worksheet. This quiz/worksheet combo will efficiently test your knowledge of the painting The Tennis Court Oath, by Jacques-Louis pfmlures.com will identify the techniques he used.
Start studying Western Humanities Test 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.