Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi was born on a date unknown to historians, although it is known that he was baptized on May 15, in the Italian District of Lombardy. Ingegneri gave Monteverdi his first lessons in music and composition; he also urged Monteverdi to take part in the cathedral choir. InMonteverdi published his first work, a collection of motets titled Sacrae cantiunculae. He followed that up with a sacred madrigal titled the Madrigali Spirituali ina collection of three voice canzonettes inand a five part madrigal in
Monteverdi Early career Monteverdi, the son of a barber-surgeon and chemist, studied with the director of music at Cremona cathedral, Marcantonio Ingegneri, a well-known musician who wrote church music and madrigals of some distinction in an up-to-date though not revolutionary style of the s.
Monteverdi was obviously a precocious pupil, since he published several books of religious and secular music in his teens, all of them containing competent pieces in a manner not far from that of his master.
The culmination of this early period occurred in two madrigal books published by one of the most famous of Venetian printers in and The Gonzaga court It is not known exactly when Monteverdi left his hometown, but he entered the employ of the duke of Mantua about as a string player.
He immediately came into contact with some of the finest musicians, both performers and composers, of the time. The composer who influenced him the most seems to have been the Flemish composer Giaches de Werta modernist who, although no longer a young man, was still in the middle of an avant-garde movement in the s.
The crux of his style was that music must exactly match the mood of the verse and that the natural declamation of the words must be carefully followed. It had an immediate effect on Monteverdi, whose next book of madrigals, published in his first year at Mantua, shows the influence of the new movement on him, though his understanding was imperfect.
It represented a complete change of direction for A biography of claudio giovanni antonio monteverdi. The melody is angular, the harmony increasingly dissonant, the mood tense to the point of neurosis.
Guarini is the favoured poet, and every nuance of the verse is expressed, even at the expense of musical balance. The new style and ambience seems to have upset his productivity.
Although he went on composing, he published little for the next 11 years. In he accompanied his employer on an expedition to Hungary and four years later to Flanders.
In about he married a singer, Claudia Cattaneo, by whom he had three children, one of whom died in infancy. When the post of maestro di cappella, or director of music, to the duke became vacant on the death of Wert inMonteverdi was embittered at being passed over, but he finally achieved the position inat age He published two more books of madrigals in andboth of which contain masterpieces.
The avant-garde manner was now better assimilated into his idiom. While his aim was still to follow the meaning of the verse in great detail, he solved the purely musical problems of thematic development and proportion. Although the dissonances became more severe and the melody sometimes still more angular, the total effect was more varied in emotion and less neurotic.
It was the advanced musical means, especially his use of intense and prolonged dissonancethat provoked attacks by the conservatives on Monteverdi, who became a figurehead of the avant-garde group.
The attacks by a Bolognese theorist, Giovanni Maria Artusi, in a series of pamphlets, made Monteverdi the most famous composer of the age and provoked him to reply with an important aesthetic statement of his view on the nature of his art.
He disclaimed the role of revolutionary, saying that he was only the follower of a tradition that had been developing for the last 50 years or more.
This tradition sought to create a union of the arts, especially of words and music, so that he should not be judged simply as a composer using conventional musical devices. On the other hand, he declared his faith in another and older tradition, in which music was itself supreme, and which was, in effect, represented by the pure polyphony of such composers as Josquin des Prez and Giovanni Palestrina.
Courtesy of Naxos of America, Inc. If the madrigals of that time gave him a reputation well outside northern Italyit was his first opera, Orfeoperformed inthat finally established him as a composer of large-scale music rather than of exquisite miniature works.
Monteverdi may have attended some of the performances of the earliest operas, those composed by the Florentine composers Jacopo Peri and Giulio Cacciniand he certainly had written some stage music in previous years.
In Orfeo he showed that he had a much broader conception of the new genre than did his predecessors.
He combined the opulence of dramatic entertainments of the late Renaissance with the straightforwardness of a simple pastoral tale told in recitativewhich was the ideal of the Florentines.
His recitative is more flexible and expressive than theirs, based on the declamatory melody of his madrigals rather than on their theories about heightened speech.
Above all, he had a greater gift for dramatic unity, shaping whole acts into musical units, rather than assembling them from small sections.Find Claudio Monteverdi biography and history on AllMusic Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi.
Claudio Monteverde. Claudio Zuan Antonio Monteverdi. Submit Corrections. Related Blog Posts. New Classical Reviews, November ; Claudio Monteverdi. - Claudio Monteverdi Claudio Monteverdi was born on May 15, , in Cremona Italy, Monteverdi was an Italian composer of the late Renaissance and the Early Baroque, and is known as the first great composer of the operas.
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi. Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (Italian: [ˈklaudjo monteˈverdi]; 9 May (born) 15 May (baptized) – 29 November ) was an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest.
Claudio Monteverdi Biography by Jeremy Grimshaw Monteverdi, a key figure in the transition between the Renaissance and Baroque eras, was largely a vocal composer. Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi was born in in Cremona, Lombardy, Italy. Although his exact date of his birth is not known, the records at the church of SS Nazaro e Celso, Cremona states that he was baptized on 15 May as Claudio Zuan pfmlures.com: Claudia Cattaneo.
Apr 04, · Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈklaudjo monteˈverdi]; 15 May (baptized) -- 29 November ) was an Italian composer, gambist, and singer.